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CSS Cheat Sheet – GeeksforGeeks

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What’s CSS?

CSS i.e. Cascading Fashion Sheets is a stylesheet language used to explain the presentation of a doc written in a markup language reminiscent of HTML, XML, and so forth. CSS enhances the feel and appear of the webpage by describing how components ought to be rendered on display or in different media.

What’s a CSS Cheat Sheet?

CSS Cheat Sheet gives you with the most typical type snippets CSS gradient, background, button, font household, order, radius, field, and text-shadow mills, shade picker, and extra instruments so as to add extra visible weight to your doc. All these and different helpful internet design instruments may be discovered on a single web page.

Desk of Content material:

CSS Fundamentals: Cascading Fashion Sheet(CSS) is used to set the type in internet pages that comprise HTML components, right here we’ll see in what number of methods we are able to add CSS for our HTML, there three differnt methods to take action one after the other we’ll see these process.

Exterior CSS: Exterior CSS accommodates a separate CSS file with a .css extension which accommodates solely type property with the assistance of tag attributes.

selector{
property1: value1;
property2: value2;
}

Embrace exterior CSS file: The exterior CSS file is linked to the HTML doc utilizing a hyperlink tag.

<hyperlink rel="stylesheet" kind="textual content/css" href="https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/type.css" />

Inner CSS or Embedded: CSS is embedded throughout the HTML file utilizing a method HTML tag when a single HTML doc should be styled uniquely.

<type kind="textual content/css">
div { shade: #444;}
</type>

Inline CSS: It accommodates CSS properties within the physique part specified inside HTML tags utilizing the type attribute.

<tag type="property: worth"> </tag>

Clearfix: It’s used to clear floats to pick or preserve management of your margins and padding.

.clearfix::after {
 content material: "";
 clear: each;
 show: block; 
}

Selectors: CSS selectors are used to seek out or choosing the HTML components you need to type. These are categorized as follows:

Primary Selectors Description Syntax
Common Selects all components on the pages. ‘*’ image is used to indicate the selector as a common selector. *{property:worth;}
Kind Kind selector or tag title/aspect selector selects an HTML tag/aspect in your doc. It selects all components of the given kind inside a doc. p {
CSS declarations;
}
Id Selects a component primarily based on the worth of its distinctive id attribute(One id solely utilized to 1 aspect). An ID selector begins with a # moderately than a dot character. #id {css declarations; }
Class Selects all components within the doc which have the given class attribute. It class selector begins with a dot (.) character. .class {
css declarations;
}
Attribute Selects all components which have a specified attribute. Components grouped primarily based on some attribute worth may be styled utilizing an attribute selector. a[attribute=value] {
property: worth;
}
Combinators Combinators are advanced selectors consisting of a couple of selectors having some relationship between them. These are the font-family Basic Sibling selector, Adjoining sibling selector, little one selector, Descendant selector. selector1 selector2/ selector 1+selector2 / selector 1> selector 2 {property: worth;}
Pseudo A Pseudo class in CSS is used to outline the particular state of a component so as to add an impact to an current aspect primarily based on its states. For ex. change of state on hover, click on, focus, when a hyperlink is visited, and so forth. selector: pseudo-class{
property: worth;
}

CSS

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

   <title>* Selectors</title>

   <!-- CSS Selectors are in used -->

   <type>

      

      * {

      background-color: hsl(325, 63%, 82%);

      text-align: middle;

      }

      

      span {

      background-color: skyblue;

      }

      

      #div1 {

      shade: inexperienced;

      text-align: middle;

      font-size: 20px;

      font-weight: daring;

      }

      

      .div2 {

      shade: orange;

      text-align: left;

      font-size: 10px;

      font-weight: daring;

      }

      

      div[style] {

      text-align: middle;

      shade: purple;

      font-size: 20px;

      font-weight: daring;

      margin-bottom: -20px;

      }

      

      div>p {

      shade: #009900;

      font-size: 32px;

      font-weight: daring;

      margin: 0px;

      text-align: middle;

      }

      

      .field {

      background-color: yellow;

      width: 300px;

      peak: 100px;

      margin: auto;

      font-size: 30px;

      text-align: middle;

      }

      

      .field:hover {

      background-color: orange;

      }

   </type>

</head>

<physique>

   <p>

      *(Common) Selector right here provides a pink background

   </p>

   <br>

   <span>This span is styled utilizing kind selector.

   <br><br>

   <div id="div1">

      This div is styled utilizing id selector 

   </div>

   <br>

   <div class="div2 ">

      This div is styled utilizing class selector

   </div>

   <br>

   <div type="shade:inexperienced">

      This div is styled utilizing attribute selector

   </div>

   <br>

   <div type="text-align:middle;">

      This div is styled utilizing combinators

      <p>little one selector</p>

   </div>

   <br>

   <p>psuedo selector:</p>

   <div class="field">

      My shade adjustments for those who hover over me!

   </div>

</physique>

</html>

Font Properties: CSS font properties are used to set the font’s content material of the HTML aspect as per requirement.

Property Description Syntax
Font-family CSS font-family property specifies the font household for use for the aspect’s textual content content material. Totally different font names may be given to make a fallback system in case first in precedence is unavailable. font-family: family-name |generic-family |preliminary |inherit;
Font-style CSS font-style property is used to type the textual content content material in a traditional, italic, or indirect face from its font-family. font-style: regular |italic |indirect |preliminary |inherit;
Font-variant CSS font-variant property is used to transform all lowercase letters into uppercase letters. The transformed uppercase letters seem smaller in font-size than the unique uppercase letters. font-variant: regular| small caps | preliminary;
Font-weight CSS font-weight property is used to specify thickness or weight of the font within the textual content content material of the HTML and separated shade components. font-weight: regular| daring |quantity |preliminary |inherit |unset;
Font-size CSS font-size property is used to specify the dimensions of the textual content in HTML doc. font-size: small |medium |massive |preliminary |inherit;

CSS

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

   <title>Font properties</title>

   <type>

      .type1 {

      font-family: "Occasions New Roman", "sans-serif";

      font-weight: daring;

      font-size: 30px;

      shade: #090;

      text-align: middle;

      font-style: regular;

      font-variant: regular;

      }

      .type2 {

      font-family: "sans-serif";

      font-weight: 5px;

      font-size: 15px;

      shade: blueviolet;

      text-align: left;

      font-style: italic;

      font-variant: regular;

      }

      .type3 {

      font-family: "arial";

      font-weight: 10px;

      font-size: 20px;

      shade: black;

      text-align: proper;

      font-style: indirect;

      font-variant: small-caps;

      }

   </type>

</head>

<physique>

   <p>Regular textual content aligned middle sized 10 px</p>

   <div class="style1">Geeks for Geeks</div>

   <p>Italic textual content aligned left sized 15px</p>

   <div class="style2">Geeks for geeks</div>

   <p>Indirect textual content aligned proper sized 20px, in small caps</p>

   <div class="style3">Geeks for geeks</div>

</physique>

</html>

Textual content-properties: CSS textual content formatting properties are used to format and magnificence textual content by setting their shade, alignment, spacing, and so forth. as per requirement.

Property Description Syntax
Textual content-color CSS text-color property is used to set the colour of the textual content. It may be set utilizing a comma-separatedcolor title, its hex worth, or RGB worth. shade: worth;
Textual content-alignment CSS Textual content alignment property is used to set the horizontal alignment of the textual content as left, proper, centered, and justified. text-align: left|proper|middle|justify|preliminary|inherit;
Textual content-decoration CSS Textual content ornament is used so as to add or take away text- decorations like underline, overline, line-through or none. text-decoration: decoration-type;
Textual content-transformation CSS textual content transformation property is used to vary the case of textual content (Uppercase or lowercase) or capitalize textual content. none|capitalize|uppercase|lowercase|preliminary|inherit;
Textual content-indentation CSS textual content indentation property is used to indent the primary line of textual content block. The scale may be in px, cm, pt. dimension ought to be non-negative. text-indent: size|preliminary|inherit;
Letter spacing CSS letter-spacing property is used to specify house between the characters of the textual content. dimension may be in px. letter-spacing: regular|size|preliminary|inherit;
Line peak CSS line spacing property is used to specify the house between the traces of the textual content block. line-height: regular|quantity|size|proportion|preliminary|inherit;
Textual content-shadow CSS text-shadow property is used so as to add shadow to the textual content. Utilizing this property you may specify the shadow shade, horizontal dimension,and and vertical dimension for the textual content. text-shadow: h-shadow v-shadow blur-radius shade|none|preliminary|inherit
Phrase spacing CSS word-spacing property is used to specify house between phrases of traces within the textual content block. word-spacing: regular|size|preliminary|inherit;

CSS

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

   <title>Textual content formatting properties</title>

</head>

<physique>

   <div type=" shade: purple">

      Colour property used right here

   </div>

   </br>

   <div type=" text-align: middle">

      Textual content align property used right here

   </div>

   </br>

   <div type=" text-decoration: underline">

      Textual content ornament property used right here

   </div>

   </br>

   <div type="text-transform: lowercase">

      Textual content remodel property used right here

   </div>

   </br>

   <div type="text-indent: 80px">

      Textual content indent property used right here

   </div>

   </br>

   <div type=" letter-spacing: 4px">

      Textual content line spacing property used right here

   </div>

   </br>

   <div type="line-height: 40px">

      Textual content line peak property used right here

   </div>

   </br>

   <div type="text-shadow: 3px 1px blue;">

      Textual content shadow property used right here

   </div>

   </br>

   <div type="word-spacing: 15px;">

      Textual content phrase spacing property used right here

   </div>

</physique>

</html>

Background properties: The CSS background properties are used to design the background and outline the background results for components.

Property Description Syntax
Background-color CSS background-color property is used to specify the background shade of a component. background-color: color_name;
Background-image CSS background-image property is used so as to add a number of background pictures to a component. background-image: url(‘url’);
Background-repeat CSS background-repeat property is used so as to add or take away repeat the background picture each horizontally and vertically. background-repeat: repeat |repeat-x |repeat-y |no-repeat |preliminary |inherit;
Background-position CSS body-position property is especially used to specify the positioning of the picture in a sure means. background-position: worth;
Background-origin CSS background-origin property is used to regulate the background picture of the webpage. background-origin: padding-box |border-box |content-box | preliminary| inherit;
Background-attachment CSS background-attachment property is used to specify the sort of attachment of the background picture with respect to its container. background-attachment: scroll |mounted |native |preliminary |inherit;
Background-clip CSS background-clip property is used to outline how far the background (shade or picture) ought to prolong inside a component. background-clip: border-box| padding-box| content-box| preliminary |inherit;

CSS

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

   <title>Background Properties</title>

   <type>

      .a {

      background-image:

      url(

      }

      .b {

      background-image:

      url(

      background-repeat: no-repeat;

      }

      .c {

      background-image:

      url(

      background-repeat: no-repeat;

      background-position: middle;

      }

      .d {

      background-image:

      url(

      background-repeat: no-repeat;

      background-origin: preliminary;

      }

      .e {

      background-image:

      url(

      background-position: middle;

      background-repeat: no-repeat;

      background-attachment: mounted;

      }

   </type>

</head>

<physique>

   <div type="background-color: blue">Background shade property</div>

   </br>

   <div class="a" type="peak: 200px; width: 100%">

      <h3> Background Picture property</h3>

   </div>

   <br><br>

   <div class="b" type="peak: 200px; width: 100%">

      <h3> Background repeat property: no-repeat</h3>

   </div>

   <br><br>

   <div class="c" type="peak: 200px; width: 100%">

      <h3> Background place property</h3>

   </div>

   <br><br>

   <div class="d" type="peak: 200px; width: 100%">

      <h3>Background origin property: The background-origin is a property outlined in

         CSS which helps in adjusting the background picture of the webpage.

         This property is used to set the origin of the picture within the background.

      </h3>

   </div>

   <br><br>

   <div class="e" type="peak: 400px; width: 100%; text-align:middle;">

      <h3> Background-attachment property</h3>

      <p>The property background-attachment property in CSS is used

         to specify the sort of attachment of the background picture with

         respect to its container. It may be set to scroll or stay mounted.

      </p>

      <br><br>

      <p>The property background-attachment property in CSS is used

         to specify the sort of attachment of the background picture with

         respect to its container. It may be set to scroll or stay mounted.

      </p>

      <br><br>

      <p> The property background-attachment property in CSS is used

         to specify the sort of attachment of the background picture with

         respect to its container. It may be set to scroll or stay mounted.

      </p>

   </div>

   <br>

</physique>

</html>

Field Properties: The CSS field mannequin is basically a field that wraps round each HTML aspect consisting of the border, padding, margin, and content material. The CSS properties used to realize the field mannequin are:

Property Description Syntax
Margin It units the margin as high, left, backside, or proper by specifying size or proportion. margin: worth;
Padding It describes the quantity of house between the border and the content material of the selector. padding: worth;
Border It units the aspect’s border width by specifying border or high, proper, backside or left border. It is usually used to set the type, and shade of a component’s border. border: worth;
Width It units a component’s width as a size, a proportion, or an auto. width: worth;
Top It units a component’s peak as a size, a proportion, or as auto. peak: worth;

CSS

<!DOCTYPE html>

<head>

    <title>CSS Field Mannequin</title>

    <type>

    .predominant {

        font-size: 20px;

        font-weight: daring;

        Textual content-align: left;

    }

      

    .gfg {

        margin-left: 60px;

        border: 50px strong #009900;

        width: 300px;

        peak: 200px;

        text-align: middle;

        padding: 50px;

    }

      

    .gfg1 {

        font-size: 42px;

        font-weight: daring;

        shade: #009900;

        margin-top: 60px;

        background-color: #c5c5db;

    }

      

    .gfg2 {

        font-size: 18px;

        font-weight: daring;

        background-color: #c5c5db;

    }

    </type>

</head>

<physique>

    <div class="predominant">CSS Field-Mannequin Property</div>

  

    <div class="gfg">

        <div class="gfg1">GeeksforGeeks</div>

        <div class="gfg2">

            A pc science portal for geeks

        </div>

    </div>

</physique>

</html>

Shadow properties: These shadow properties are used so as to add shadow to textual content or packing containers or frames of components to boost the visible high quality of the webpage.

Property Description Syntax
Textual content shadow It’s used so as to add shadow to textual content. It accepts a comma-separated listing of shadow properties to be utilized to the textual content. text-shadow: h-shadow v-shadow blur-radius shade| none |preliminary | inherit;
Field shadow It’s used to offer a shadow-like impact to the field or frames of a component. It accepts a number of comma separated results .It’s described utilizing X and Y offsets relative to the aspect, blur and unfold radius, and shade. box-shadow: h-offset v-offset blur unfold shade |none |inset |preliminary | inherit;

CSS

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

   <title>CSS box-shadow Property</title>

   <type>

      .gfg1 {

      border: 1px strong;

      padding: 10px;

      

      box-shadow: 5px 10px 10px;

      }

        

      

         

      h2 {

      text-shadow: 5px 5px 8px #00FF00;

      }

   </type>

</head>

<physique>

   <div class="gfg1">

      <h1>Welcome to GeeksforGeeks!</h1>

   </div>

   <br><br>

   <h2>GeekforGeeks</h2>

</physique>

</html>

Gradient: The CSS gradient property is used to create a easy and progressive transition between two or extra specified colours. Transition can go up/down/proper/left/diagonal/radial utilizing completely different shade stops, angles, or proportion.

Gradient Description Syntax
Linear Gradient This property is used to create easy shade transitions going up, down, left, proper, and diagonally. It requires a minimal of two colours, a place to begin, and the path for the gradient impact. background-image: linear-gradient(path, color-stop1, color-stop2, …);
Radial Gradient A radial gradient is used to acquire an elliptical form gradient. It begins at a single level and emanates outward. The primary shade begins on the middle place of the aspect after which fades to the top shade in the direction of the sting of the aspect at an equal tempo till specified. background-image: radial-gradient(form dimension at place, start-color, …, last-color);

CSS

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

    <title>CSS Gradients</title>

    <type>

    #predominant1 {

        peak: 200px;

        background-color: white;

        background-image: linear-gradient(white, inexperienced);

    }

    #predominant2 {

        peak: 350px;

        width: 700px;

        background-color: white;

        background-image: radial-gradient(#090,

                                #fff, #2a4f32);

    }

  

      

    .gfg {

        text-align: middle;

        font-size: 40px;

        font-weight: daring;

        padding-top: 80px;

    }

      

    .geeks {

        font-size: 17px;

        text-align: middle;

    }

    </type>

</head>

  

<physique> 

    <!-- Linear gradient -->

    <div id="main1">

        <div class="gfg">GeeksforGeeks</div>

        <div class="geeks">

        Linear Gradient

        </div>

    </div>

    <br><br>

    <!-- Radial Gradient -->

    <div id="main2">

        <div class="gfg">GeeksforGeeks</div>

        <div class="geeks">

        Radial Gradient

    </div>

</physique>

</html>

Border Properties: The CSS border properties help you specify how the border of the field representing a component ought to look. It’s used to specify the colour kind and width of the appears to be like border to offer the aspect the specified look.

Property Description Syntax
Border Colour It specifies the colour of the border of the field containing the aspect. It really works solely when the border-style property is outlined first, it is not going to work alone. If this property shouldn’t be set then it inherits the colour of the aspect. border-color: color-value;
Border Fashion It units the type or look of the border as strong, dotted, rigged, and so forth. It takes one to 4 values at a time. border-style: worth;
Border Width It units the width of the border of the aspect in size in px , cm, and so forth., or as skinny medium, and thick. border-width: size |skinny |medium |thick |preliminary |inherit

CSS

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

  

<head>

    <title> Border Properties</title>

    <type>

        #gfg1 {

            border: 2px strong blue;

            width: 60%;

        }

  

        #gfg2 {

            border: thick dashed inexperienced;

            width: 60%;

        }

    </type>

</head>

<physique>

    <div id="gfg1">

       Demonstration of strong thick border of shade blue

    </div><br><br>

    <div id="gfg2">

       Demonstration of dotted 2px width border of shade inexperienced

    </div>

</physique>

  

</html>

Classification Properties: The CSS classification properties help you specify how and the place a component is displayed.

Property Description Syntax
Show Show property defines how components are displayed within the internet web page. show: inline |block |flex |grid |desk |group |none| inherit;
Float It defines movement of content material by figuring out if a component floats to the left or proper, permitting textual content or picture to wrap round it or be displayed inline. float: none| left| proper| preliminary| inherit;
Place It specifies the positioning methodology of html entity on the net web page. It locations a component in a hard and fast, static, absolute, relative or sticky place. place: mounted| static| absolute |relative |sticky;
Clear It’s used to set the perimeters of a component the place no different floating components are allowed. clear: left |proper |each | none;
Visibility It’s used to set a component as seen or not. visibility: seen |hidden | collapse |preliminary |inherit;
Cursor It’s used to specify the kind or form of cursor to be displayed. cursor: auto |default |pointer |crosshair |assist | e-resize | all-scroll |progress |preliminary |inherit;

CSS

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

  

<head>

    <title>Classification properties</title>

    <type>

        #geeks1 {

            peak: 50px;

            width: 100px;

            background: teal;

            show: block;

        }

  

        #geeks2 {

            peak: 50px;

            width: 100px;

            background: cyan;

            show: block;

        }

  

        #geeks3 {

            peak: 50px;

            width: 100px;

            background: inexperienced;

            show: block;

        }

  

        .pos {

            place: relative;

            left: 30px;

            border: 3px strong #73AD21;

        }

  

        .clr {

            width: 100px;

            peak: 100px;

            background-color: inexperienced;

            shade: white;

            font-weight: daring;

            font-style: itallic;

            font-size: 25px;

            text-align: middle;

            float: left;

            padding: 15px;

        }

  

        p.GFG {

            clear: left;

        }

  

        h1,

        h2 {

            shade: inexperienced;

            text-align: middle;

        }

  

        .wait {

            cursor: wait;

        }

    </type>

    <h3>Classification properties</h3>

</head>

  

<physique>

    <p>show Property: block </p>

    <div>

        <div id="geeks1">Block 1 </div>

        <div id="geeks2">Block 2</div>

        <div id="geeks3">Block 3</div>

    </div>

    <br>

    <p>Float Property:left</p>

    <div type="font-size:20px; shade:#006400; float:proper;">

         Content material floats proper 

    </div>

    <br>

    <p>Place Property:relative</p>

    <div class="pos">

        This div aspect has place: relative;

    </div><br>

    <p>Clear property: left</p>

    <div class="clr">

        <pre>GFG</pre>

    </div>

    <p>

        GeeksforGeeks:

        A pc science portal for geeks

    </p>

    <p class="GFG">GeeksforGeeks</p>

    <br>

    <p>Visibility property: seen/ hidden</p>

  

    <div type="visibility: seen;">Content material right here is seen</div>

    <div type="visibility: hidden">Content material right here is hidden</div>

    <br>

    <p>Cursor property: wait</p>

    <p class="wait">

       Mouse over the phrases to vary the mouse cursor.

    </p>

</physique>

</html>

CSS Features: CSS has a spread of inbuilt features. These are used as a price for varied CSS properties. A number of the CSS features may be nested as properly. It ranges from easy shade features to mathematical, form, shade, remodel, gradient, and animations features. A number of the key features are:

Perform Description Syntax
attr() CSS attr() perform is an inbuilt perform in CSS that retrieves the worth of an attribute of the chosen components and makes use of it within the stylesheet. attr( attr_name );
calc() CSS calc() perform takes a single mathematical expression as its parameter and performs operations primarily based on CSS property. It may be a mixture of sorts, reminiscent of size, quantity, angle and frequency. calc( Expression );
max() CSS max() perform returns the most important variety of the given set of comma separated numbers. max(worth 1, value2, value3…)
url() CSS URL() perform takes a string URL as a parameter and is used to load pictures, fonts and content material and lets you hyperlink to a useful resource, reminiscent of a picture, internet font, a filter, and so forth. url( <string> <url-modifier>* )
var() CSS var() perform is used to insert the worth of a customized property which is the required parameter and its title should begin with two dashes. var( custom_property, worth )

CSS

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

  

<head>

    <title>CSS features</title>

    <type>

        a:earlier than {

            content material: attr(href) " =>";

        }

  

        a {

            text-decoration: none;

        }

  

        physique {

            text-align: middle;

        }

  

  

        .geeks {

            place: absolute;

            left: 50px;

            width: calc(100% - 20%);

            peak: calc(100px - 20px);

            background-color: inexperienced;

            text-align: middle;

        }

  

        .url {

            background-image: url(

            text-align: middle;

        }

  

        .gfg1 {

            background-color: var(--main-bg-color);

            padding: 10px;

        }

  

        :root {

            --main-bg-shade: Inexperienced;

        }

    </type>

</head>

  

<physique>

    <p>attribute perform</p>

  

    <p>Calc funtion</p>

    <div class="geeks">

        <h3>The calc() Perform</h3>

    </div><br><br>

  

    <p>URL perform</p>

    <div class="url" type="peak:200px; width:100%">

        <h3>CSS url() perform</h3>

    </div><br>

    <p> var perform</p>

    <div class="gfg1">demonstration of var perform</div><br>

</physique>

  

</html>

Media Queries: The CCS Media Question is used to make the online web page extra responsive in keeping with the completely different screens or media sorts. It may be used to test the width and peak of the viewport or machine, orientation, and backbone of the output machine. It consists of a media kind that may comprise a number of expressions that may be both true or false. Media queries embrace a block of CSS provided that a sure expression is true.

Syntax:

@media not | solely mediatype and (expression) {
    // Code content material
Media Kind Description
All It’s used for all media units.
Print It’s used when printer is in use.
Display It’s used for laptop screens, smartphones and so forth.
Speech It’s used for display readers that learn the display aloud.

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